Terms and Conditions
The Customer’s attention is particularly drawn to the provisions of clause 11.
WHERE THE GOODS OR SERVICES ARE SOLD UNDER A CONSUMER SALE (AS DEFINED BY THE UNFAIR CONTRACT TERMS ACT 1977) THE STATUTORY RIGHTS OF THE CUSTOMER ARE NOT AFFECTED BY THESE CONDITIONS.
1.1 Definitions. In these Conditions, the following definitions apply:
Business Day: a day (other than a Saturday, Sunday or a public holiday) when banks in Estonia are open for business.
Commencement Date: has the meaning set out in clause 2.2.
Conditions: these terms and conditions as amended from time to time in accordance with clause 14.8.
Contract: the contract between the Supplier and the Customer for the supply of Goods in accordance with these Conditions.
Customer: the person or firm who purchases the Goods from the Supplier. Delivery Location: has the meaning set out in clause 4.1.
Force Majeure Event: has the meaning given to it in clause 14.1(a). Goods: the goods (or any part of them) set out in the Order.
Goods Specification: any specification for the Goods, including any relevant drawings, that is agreed in writing by the Customer and the Supplier.
Intellectual Property Rights: all patents, rights to inventions, utility models, copyright and related rights, trade marks, service marks, trade, business and domain names, rights in trade dress or get-up, rights in goodwill or to sue for passing off, unfair competition rights, rights in designs, rights in computer software, database right, topography rights, moral rights, rights in confidential information (including know-how and trade secrets) and any other intellectual property rights, in each case whether registered or unregistered and including applications for and renewals or extensions of such rights, and all similar or equivalent rights or forms of protection in any part of the world.
Order: the Customer’s order for the supply of Goods as set out in the Customer’s purchase order form, the Customer’s online order or the Customer’s written acceptance of the Supplier’s quotation and any special terms contained therein as the case may be.
Supplier: BY Trade OÜ, registered in Estonia with company number 12470521, whose registered office is at Tornimäe tn 7-25, Tallinn, 10141, Estonia.
Supplier Materials: has the meaning set out in clause 7.1(b).
Website: the website at www.bytrade.eu .
1.2 Construction. In these Conditions, the following rules apply:
(a) a person includes a natural person, corporate or unincorporated body (whether or not having separate legal personality);
(b) a reference to a party includes its personal representatives, successors or permitted assigns;
(c) a reference to a statute or statutory provision is a reference to such statute or statutory provision as amended or re-enacted. A reference to a statute or statutory provision includes any subordinate legislation made under that statute or statutory provision, as amended or re- enacted;
(d) any phrase introduced by the terms including, include, in particular or any similar expression shall be construed as illustrative and shall not limit the sense of the words preceding those terms; and
(e) a reference to writing or written includes faxes and emails.
2. BASIS OF CONTRACT
2.1 The Order constitutes an offer by the Customer to purchase Goods in accordance with these Conditions.
2.2 The Order shall only be deemed to be accepted when the Supplier issues written acceptance of the Order or, if no written acceptance is issued, on the date on which the Supplier dispatches the Goods, at which point and on which date the Contract shall come into existence (Commencement Date).
2.3 The Contract constitutes the entire agreement between the parties. The Customer acknowledges that it has not relied on any statement, promise or representation made or given by or on behalf of the Supplier which is not set out in the Contract.
2.4 Any samples, drawings, descriptive matter or advertising issued by the Supplier and any descriptions of the Goods contained in the Supplier’s catalogues or brochures or on the Website are issued or published for the sole purpose of giving an approximate idea of the Goods described in them. They shall not form part of the Contract or have any contractual force.
2.5 These Conditions apply to the Contract to the exclusion of any other terms that the Customer seeks to impose or incorporate, or which are implied by trade, custom, practice or course of dealing.
2.6 Any quotation given by the Supplier shall not constitute an offer.
2.7 Any advice or recommendation given by the Supplier or its employees or agents to the Customer or its employees or agents as to the application or use of the Goods including but not limited to any advice or recommendations contained in the Supplier’s website is provided for general guidance only and is followed or acted upon entirely at the Customer’s own risk, and accordingly and subject always to clause 11, the Supplier shall not be liable for any such advice or recommendations.
3.1 The Goods are described in the Supplier’s catalogue or on the Website or in any applicable Goods Specification as the case may be.
3.2 To the extent that the Goods are to be manufactured in accordance with a Goods Specification supplied by the Customer, the Customer shall indemnify the Supplier against all liabilities, costs, expenses, damages and losses (including any direct, indirect or consequential losses, loss of profit, loss of reputation and all interest, penalties and legal and other reasonable professional costs and expenses) suffered or incurred by the Supplier in connection with any claim made against the Supplier for actual or alleged infringement of a third party’s intellectual property rights arising out of or in connection with the Supplier’s use of the Goods Specification. This clause 3.2 shall survive termination of the Contract.
3.2.1 Non-cancellable and Non-returnable goods (NC/NR) Any ‘cut-strip’ or custom made items and parts or custom options on a part or item are considered as ‘special’ manufactured items or parts and are NC/NR from the point of order by the customer. This also applies to any items or parts considered as Non-standard stock or ‘one-off’ supply/purchase items or parts based on a minimum order quantity as advised at quotation and NC/NR is then applicable from the point of order by the customer.
3.3 The Supplier reserves the right to amend the Goods Specification if required by any applicable statutory or regulatory requirements.
4. DELIVERY OF GOODS
4.1 Delivery shall be made by the Supplier delivering the Goods to the location set out in the Order or such other location as the parties may agree or by the Customer collects the Goods from the Supplier’s premises (Delivery Location) at any time after the Supplier notifies the Customer that the Goods are ready.
4.2 Delivery of the Goods shall be completed on the Goods’ arrival at the Delivery Location.
4.3 Any dates quoted for delivery of the Goods are approximate only, and the time of delivery is not of the essence. The Supplier shall not be liable for any delay in the delivery of the Goods that is caused by a Force Majeure Event or the Customer’s failure to provide the Supplier with adequate delivery instructions or any other instructions that are relevant to the supply of the Goods.
4.4 If the Supplier fails to deliver the Goods, its liability shall be limited to the costs and expenses incurred by the Customer in obtaining replacement goods of similar description and quality in the cheapest market available, less the price of the Goods. The Supplier shall have no liability for any failure to deliver the Goods to the extent that such failure is caused by a Force Majeure Event the Customer’s failure to provide the Supplier with adequate delivery instructions for the Goods or any relevant instruction related to the supply of the Goods.
4.5 If the Customer fails to accept or take delivery of the Goods within 7 Business Days of the Supplier notifying the Customer that the Goods are ready, then except where such failure or delay is caused by a Force Majeure Event or by the Supplier’s failure to comply with its obligations under the Contract in respect of the Goods:
(a) delivery of the Goods shall be deemed to have been completed at 9.00 am on the seventh Business Day following the day on which the Supplier notified the Customer that the Goods were ready; and
(b) the Supplier shall store the Goods until delivery takes place, and charge the Customer for all related costs and expenses (including insurance).
4.6 If 7 Business Days after the Supplier notified the Customer that the Goods were ready for delivery the Customer has not accepted or taken delivery of them, the Supplier may resell or otherwise dispose of part or all of the Goods.
4.7 The Customer shall not be entitled to reject the Goods if the Supplier delivers up to and including 5 per cent more or less than the quantity of Goods ordered.
4.8 The Supplier may deliver the Goods by instalments, which shall be invoiced and paid for separately. Each instalment shall constitute a separate contract. Any delay in delivery or defect in an instalment shall not entitle the Customer to cancel any other instalment.
5. QUALITY OF GOODS
5.1 The Supplier warrants that upon delivery, and for a period of 12 months from the date of delivery (Warranty Period), the Goods shall:
(a) conform in all material respects with their description or any applicable Goods Specification; and
(b) be free from material defects in design, material and workmanship.
5.2 Any claim by the Customer that any Goods have been delivered damaged or are not of the correct quantity shall be notified by the Customer to the Supplier as soon as possible and in any event not later than the end of the next Business Day after delivery.
5.3 Subject to clause 4, if:
(a) the Customer gives notice in writing that some or all of the Goods do not comply with the warranty set out in clause 5.1 during the Warranty Period:
(i) in the case of defects or failure apparent on reasonable inspection, within 10 Business Days of delivery;
(ii) in the case of defects or failure was not apparent on reasonable inspection, within 10 Business Days of discovery of the defect or failure, and in any event within 10 Business Days of the end of the Warranty Period;
(b) the Supplier is given a reasonable opportunity of examining such Goods; and
(c) the Customer (if asked to do so by the Supplier) returns such Goods to the Supplier’s place of business (with the Returns Material Authority Number issued by the Supplier) at the Customer’s cost,
the Supplier shall, at its option, repair or replace the defective Goods, or refund the price of the defective Goods in full.
5.4 The Supplier shall not be liable for the Goods’ failure to comply with the warranty in clause 5.1 if:
(a) the Customer makes any further use of such Goods after giving notice in accordance with clause 5.2;
(b) the defect arises because the Customer failed to follow the Supplier’s oral or written instructions as to the storage, installation, commissioning, use or maintenance of the Goods or (if there are none) good trade practice;
(c) the defect arises as a result of the Supplier following any drawing, design or Goods Specification supplied by the Customer;
(d) the Customer alters or repairs such Goods without the written consent of the Supplier;
(e) the defect arises as a result of fair wear and tear, wilful damage, negligence, or abnormal working conditions;
(f) the Goods differ from the Goods Specification as a result of changes made to ensure they comply with applicable statutory or regulatory standards.
5.5 Except as provided in this clause 5, the Supplier shall have no liability to the Customer in respect of the Goods’ failure to comply with the warranty set out in clause 5.1.
5.6 The terms of these Conditions shall apply to any repaired or replacement Goods supplied by the Supplier under clause 5.2.
6. TITLE AND RISK
6.1 The risk in the Goods shall pass to the Customer upon completion of delivery.
6.2 Title to the Goods shall not pass to the Customer until the Supplier has received payment in full (in cash or cleared funds) for:
(a) the Goods; and
(b) any other goods that the Supplier has supplied to the Customer in respect of which payment has become due.
6.3 Until title to the Goods has passed to the Customer, the Customer shall:
(a) hold the Goods on a fiduciary basis as the Supplier’s bailee;
(b) store the Goods separately from all other goods held by the Customer so that they remain readily identifiable as the Supplier’s property;
(c) not remove, deface or obscure any identifying mark or packaging on or relating to the Goods;
(d) maintain the Goods in satisfactory condition and keep them insured against all risks for their full price on the Supplier’s behalf from the date of delivery;
(e) notify the Supplier immediately if it becomes subject to any of the events listed in clause 12.1(b) to clause 12.1(l); and
(f) give the Supplier such information relating to the Goods as the Supplier may require from time to time,
but the Customer may resell or use the Goods in the ordinary course of its business.
6.4 If before title to the Goods passes to the Customer the Customer becomes subject to any of the events listed in clause 12.1(b) to clause 12.1(l), or the Supplier reasonably believes that any such event is about to happen and notifies the Customer accordingly, then, provided the Goods have not been resold, or irrevocably incorporated into another product, and without limiting any other right or remedy the Supplier may have, the Supplier may at any time require the Customer to deliver up the Goods and, if the Customer fails to do so promptly, enter any premises of the Customer or of any third party where the Goods are stored in order to recover them.
7. CUSTOMER’S OBLIGATIONS
7.1 The Customer shall:
(a) ensure that the terms of the Order and (if submitted by the Customer) the Goods Specification are complete and accurate; and
(b) keep and maintain all materials, equipment, documents and other property of the Supplier (Supplier Materials) at the Customer’s premises in safe custody at its own risk, maintain the Supplier Materials in good condition until returned to the Supplier, and not dispose of or use the Supplier Materials other than in accordance with the Supplier’s written instructions or authorisation.
8. CHARGES AND PAYMENT
8.1 The price for the Goods shall be the price set out in the Order or, if no price is quoted, the price set out in the Supplier’s published price list as at the date of delivery. The price of the Goods is exclusive of all costs and charges of packaging, insurance, transport of the Goods.
8.2 The Supplier reserves the right to:
increase the price of the Goods, by giving notice to the Customer at any time before delivery, to reflect any increase in the cost of the Goods to the Supplier that is due to:
(a) any factor beyond the control of the Supplier (including foreign exchange fluctuations, increases in taxes and duties, and increases in labour, materials and other manufacturing costs);
(b) any request by the Customer to change the delivery date(s), quantities or types of Goods ordered, or the Goods Specification; or
(c) any delay caused by any instructions of the Customer in respect of the Goods or failure of the Customer to give the Supplier adequate or accurate information or instructions in respect of the Goods.
8.3 The Supplier shall invoice the Customer on or at any time after completion of delivery.
8.4 Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the Customer shall pay each invoice submitted by the Supplier:
(a) within 30 days of the date of the invoice; and
(b) in full and in cleared funds to a bank account nominated in writing by the Supplier, and
time for payment shall be of the essence of the Contract.
8.5 All amounts payable by the Customer under the Contract are exclusive of amounts in respect of value added tax chargeable from time to time (VAT). Where any taxable supply for VAT purposes is made under the Contract by the Supplier to the Customer, the Customer shall, upon receipt of a valid VAT invoice from the Supplier, pay to the Supplier such additional amounts in respect of VAT as are chargeable on the supply of the Goods at the same time as payment is due for the supply of the Goods.
8.6 Without limiting any other right or remedy of the Supplier, if the Customer fails to make any payment due to the Supplier under the Contract by the due date for payment (Due Date), the Supplier shall have the right to charge interest on the overdue amount at the rate of 4% per cent per annum from the Due Date until the date of actual payment of the overdue amount, whether before or after judgment, and compounding quarterly.
8.7 The Customer shall pay all amounts due under the Contract in full without any deduction or withholding except as required by law and the Customer shall not be entitled to assert any credit, set-off or counterclaim against the Supplier in order to justify withholding payment of any such amount in whole or in part. The Supplier may, without limiting its other rights or remedies, set off any amount owing to it by the Customer against any amount payable by the Supplier to the Customer.
9. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
All Supplier Materials are the exclusive property of the Supplier.
A party (Receiving Party) shall keep in strict confidence all technical or commercial know-how, specifications, inventions, processes or initiatives which are of a confidential nature and have been disclosed to the Receiving Party by the other party (Disclosing Party), its employees, agents or subcontractors, and any other confidential information concerning the Disclosing Party’s business or its products or its services which the Receiving Party may obtain. The Receiving Party shall restrict disclosure of such confidential information to such of its employees, agents or subcontractors as need to know it for the purpose of discharging the Receiving Party’s obligations under the Contract, and shall ensure that such employees, agents or subcontractors are subject to obligations of confidentiality corresponding to those which bind the Receiving Party. This clause 10 shall survive termination of the Contract.
11. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: THE CUSTOMER’S ATTENTION IS PARTICULARLY DRAWN TO THIS CLAUSE
11.1 Nothing in these Conditions shall limit or exclude the Supplier’s liability for:
(a) death or personal injury caused by its negligence, or the negligence of its employees, agents or subcontractors;
(b) fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation;
(c) breach of the terms implied by section 2 of the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1982 (title and quiet possession);
(d) breach of the terms implied by section 12 of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 (title and quiet possession); or
(e) defective products under the Consumer Protection Act 1987.
11.2 Subject to clause 11.1:
(a) the Supplier shall under no circumstances whatever be liable to the Customer, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, for any loss of profit, or any indirect or consequential loss arising under or in connection with the Contract ; and
(b) the Supplier’s total liability to the Customer in respect of all other losses arising under or in connection with the Contract, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, shall in no circumstances exceed the price payable for the Goods.
11.3 Except as set out in these Conditions, all warranties, conditions and other terms implied by statute or common law are, to the fullest extent permitted by law, excluded from the Contract.
11.4 This clause 11 shall survive termination of the Contract.
12.1 Without limiting its other rights or remedies, each party may terminate the Contract with immediate effect by giving written notice to the other party if:
(a) the other party commits a material breach of its obligations under this Contract and (if such breach is remediable) fails to remedy that breach within 14 days after receipt of notice in writing of the breach;
(b) the other party suspends, or threatens to suspend, payment of its debts or is unable to pay its debts as they fall due or admits inability to pay its debts or (being a company) is deemed unable to pay its debts within the meaning of section 123 of the Insolvency Act 1986 or (being an individual) is deemed either unable to pay its debts or as having no reasonable prospect of so doing, in either case, within the meaning of section 268 of the Insolvency Act 1986 or (being a partnership) has any partner to whom any of the foregoing apply;
(c) the other party commences negotiations with all or any class of its creditors with a view to rescheduling any of its debts, or makes a proposal for or enters into any compromise or arrangement with its creditors other than (where a company) for the sole purpose of a scheme for a solvent amalgamation of that other party with one or more other companies or the solvent reconstruction of that other party;
(d) a petition is filed, a notice is given, a resolution is passed, or an order is made, for or in connection with the winding up of the other party (being a company) other than for the sole purpose of a scheme for a solvent amalgamation of the other party with one or more other companies or the solvent reconstruction of that other party;
(e) the other party (being an individual) is the subject of a bankruptcy petition or order;
(f) a creditor or encumbrancer of the other party attaches or takes possession of, or a distress, execution, sequestration or other such process is levied or enforced upon or sued against, the whole or any part of its assets and such attachment or process is not discharged within 14 days;
(g) an application is made to court, or an order is made, for the appointment of an administrator or if a notice of intention to appoint an administrator is given or if an administrator is appointed over the other party (being a company);
(h) a floating charge holder over the assets of the other party (being a company) has become entitled to appoint or has appointed an administrative receiver;
(i) a person becomes entitled to appoint a receiver over the assets of the other party or a receiver is appointed over the assets of the other party;
(j) any event occurs, or proceeding is taken, with respect to the other party in any jurisdiction to which it is a subject that has an effect equivalent or similar to any of the events mentioned in clause 12.1(b) to clause 12.1(i) (inclusive);
(k) the other party suspends, threatens to suspend, ceases or threatens to cease to carry on, all or substantially the whole of its business; or
(l) the other party (being an individual) dies or, by reason of illness or incapacity (whether mental or physical), is incapable of managing his own affairs or becomes a patient under any mental health legislation.
12.2 Without limiting its other rights or remedies, the Supplier may terminate the Contract:
(a) by giving the Customer 1 month’s written notice;
(b) with immediate effect by giving written notice to the Customer if the Customer fails to pay any amount due under this Contract on the due date for payment.
12.3 Without limiting its other rights or remedies, the Supplier shall have the right to suspend all further deliveries of Goods under the Contract or any other contract between the Customer and the Supplier if:
(a) the Customer fails to pay any amount due under this Contract on the due date for payment; or
(b) the Customer becomes subject to any of the events listed in clause 12.1(b) to clause 12.1(l), or the Supplier reasonably believes that the Customer is about to become subject to any of them.
13. CONSEQUENCES OF TERMINATION
On termination of the Contract for any reason:
(a) the Customer shall immediately pay to the Supplier all of the Supplier’s outstanding unpaid invoices and;
(b) the Customer shall return all of the Supplier Materials. If the Customer fails to do so, then the Supplier may enter the Customer’s premises and take possession of them. Until they have been returned, the Customer shall be solely responsible for their safekeeping and will not use them for any purpose not connected with this Contract;
(c) the accrued rights and remedies of the parties as at termination shall not be affected, including the right to claim damages in respect of any breach of the Contract which existed at or before the date of termination or expiry; and
(d) clauses which expressly or by implication have effect after termination shall continue in full force and effect.
14.1 Force Majeure:
(a) For the purposes of this Contract, Force Majeure Event means an event beyond the reasonable control of the Supplier including but not limited to strikes, lock-outs or other industrial disputes (whether involving the workforce of the party or any other party), failure of a utility service or transport network, act of God, war, riot, civil commotion, malicious damage, compliance with any law or governmental order, rule, regulation or direction, accident, breakdown of plant or machinery, fire, flood, storm or default of suppliers or subcontractors.
(b) The Supplier shall not be liable to the Customer as a result of any delay or failure to perform its obligations under this Contract as a result of a Force Majeure Event.
(c) If the Force Majeure Event prevents the Supplier from providing any of the Goods for more than four weeks, the Supplier shall, without limiting its other rights or remedies, have the right to terminate this Contract immediately by giving written notice to the Customer.
14.2 Assignment and subcontracting:
(a) The Supplier may at any time assign, transfer, charge, subcontract or deal in any other manner with all or any of its rights under the Contract and may subcontract or delegate in any manner any or all of its obligations under the Contract to any third party.
(b) The Customer shall not, without the prior written consent of the Supplier, assign, transfer, charge, subcontract or deal in any other manner with all or any of its rights or obligations under the Contract.
(a) Any notice or other communication required to be given to a party under or in connection with this Contract shall be in writing and shall be delivered to the other party personally or sent by prepaid first-class post, recorded delivery or by commercial courier, at its registered office (if a company) or (in any other case) its principal place of business, or sent by fax to the other party’s main fax number.
(b) Any notice or other communication shall be deemed to have been duly received if delivered personally, when left at such addressor, if sent by prepaid first-class post or recorded delivery, at 9.00 am on the second Business Day after posting, or if delivered by commercial courier, on the date and at the time that the courier’s delivery receipt is signed, or if sent by fax, on the next Business Day after transmission.
(c) This clause 14.3 shall not apply to the service of any proceedings or other documents in any legal action. For the purposes of this clause, “writing” shall not include emails and for the avoidance of doubt, notice given under this Contract shall not be validly served if sent by e- mail.
14.4 Waiver and cumulative remedies:
(a) A waiver of any right under the Contract is only effective if it is in writing and shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any subsequent breach or default. No failure or delay by a party in exercising any right or remedy under the Contract or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor preclude or restrict its further exercise. No single or partial exercise of such right or remedy shall preclude or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy.
(b) Unless specifically provided otherwise, rights arising under the Contract are cumulative and to not exclude rights provided by law.
(a) If a court or any other competent authority finds that any provision of the Contract (or part of any provision) is invalid, illegal or unenforceable, that provision or part-provision shall, to the extent required, be deemed deleted, and the validity and enforceability of the other provisions of the Contract shall not be affected.
(b) If any invalid, unenforceable or illegal provision of the Contract would be valid, enforceable and legal if some part of it were deleted, the provision shall apply with the minimum modification necessary to make it legal, valid and enforceable.
14.6 No partnership: Nothing in the Contract is intended to, or shall be deemed to constitute a partnership or joint venture of any kind between any of the parties, nor constitute any party the agent of another party for any purpose. No party shall have authority to act as agent for, or to bind, the other party in any way.
14.7 Third parties: A person who is not a party to the Contract shall not have any rights under or in connection with it.
14.8 Variation: Except as set out in these Conditions, any variation, including the introduction of any additional terms and conditions, to the Contract shall only be binding when agreed in writing and signed by the Supplier.
14.9 Governing law and jurisdiction: This Contract, and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with it or its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims), shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, Estonian law, and the parties irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of Estonia.